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Analyzing Arguments Online Exam Quiz

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1. Yoga has become a very popular type of exercise, but it may not be for everyone. Before you sign yourself up for a yoga class, you need to examine what it is you want from your fitness routine. If you're looking for a high-energy, fast-paced aerobic workout, a yoga class might not be your best choice. This paragraph best supports the statement that

Options

A : yoga is more popular than high-impact aerobics.

B : before embarking on a new exercise regimen, you should think about your needs and desires.

C : yoga is changing the world of fitness in major ways

D : yoga benefits your body and mind

2. Human technology developed from the first stone tools about two and a half million years ago. At the beginning, the rate of development was slow. Hundreds of thousands of years passed without much change. Today, new technologies are reported daily on television and in newspapers. This paragraph best supports the statement that

Options

A : stone tools were not really technology.

B : stone tools were in use for two and a half million years

C : there is no way to know when stone tools first came into use.

D : In today's world, new technologies are constantly being developed

4. In the 1966 Supreme Court decision Miranda v. Arizona , the court held that before the police can obtain statements from a person subjected to an interrogation, the person must be given a Miranda warning. This warning means that a person must be told that he or she has the right to remain silent during the police interrogation. Violation of this right means that any statement that the person makes is not admissible in a court hearing. This paragraph best supports the statement that

Options

A : police who do not warn persons of their Miranda rights are guilty of a crime.

B : a Miranda warning must be given before a police interrogation can begin.

C : the police may no longer interrogate persons suspected of a crime unless a lawyer is present.

D : the 1966 Supreme Court decision in Miranda should be reversed

5. During colonial times in America, juries were encouraged to ask questions of the parties in the courtroom. The jurors were, in fact, expected to investigate the facts of the case themselves. If jurors conducted an investigation today, we would throw out the case. This paragraph best supports the statement that

Options

A : juries are less important today than they were in colonial times.

B : jurors today are less interested in court cases than they were in colonial times.

C : courtrooms today are more efficient than they were in colonial times.

D : jurors in colonial times were more informed than jurors today.

6. There are no effective boundaries when it comes to pollutants. Studies have shown that toxic insecticides that have been banned in many countries are riding the wind from countries where they remain legal. Compounds such as DDT and toxaphene have been found in remote places like the Yukon and other Arctic regions. This paragraph best supports the statement that

Options

A : toxic insecticides such as DDT have not been banned throughout the world.

B : more pollutants find their way into polar climates than they do into warmer areas

C : studies have proven that many countries have ignored their own antipollution laws.

D : DDT and toxaphene are the two most toxic insecticides in the world.

7. The Fourth Amendment to the Constitution protects citizens against unreasonable searches and seizures. No search of a person's home or personal effects may be conducted without a written search warrant issued on probable cause. This means that a neutral judge must approve the factual basis justifying a search before it can be conducted. This paragraph best supports the statement that the police cannot search a person's home or private papers unless they have

Options

A : legal authorization

B : direct evidence of a crime.

C : read the person his or her constitutional rights.

D : a reasonable belief that a crime has occurred.

8. Obesity is a serious problem in this country. Research suggests that obesity can lead to a number of health problems including diabetes, asthma, and heart disease. Recent research has even indicated that there may be a relationship between obesity and some types of cancer. Major public health campaigns that increase awareness and propose simple lifestyle changes that will, with diligence and desire, eliminate or least mitigate the incidence of obesity are a crucial first step in battling this critical problem. This paragraph best supports the statement that

Options

A : public health campaigns that raise consciousness and propose lifestyle changes are a productive way to fight obesity.

B : obesity is the leading cause of diabetes in our country.

C : people in our country watch too much television and do not exercise enough.

D : a decline in obesity would radically decrease the incidence of asthma.

9. Critical reading is a demanding process. To read critically, you must slow down your reading and, with pencil in hand, perform specific operations on the text. Mark up the text with your reactions, conclusions, and questions. When you read, become an active participant. This paragraph best supports the statement that

Options

A : critical reading is a slow, dull, but essential process

B : the best critical reading happens at critical times in a person's life.

C : readers should get in the habit of questioning the truth of what they read.

D : critical reading requires thoughtful and careful attention.

10. Walk into any supermarket or pharmacy and you will find several shelves of products designed to protect adults and children from the sun. Additionally, a host of public health campaigns have been created, including National Skin Cancer Awareness Month, that warn us about the sun's damaging UV rays and provide guidelines about protecting ourselves. While warnings about the sun's dangers are frequent, a recent survey found that fewer than half of all adults adequately protect themselves from the sun. This paragraph best supports the statement that

Options

A : children are better protected from the sun's dangerous rays than adults

B : sales of sun protection products are at an all-time high.

C : adults are not heeding the warnings about the dangers of sun exposure seriously enough.

D : more adults have skin cancer now than ever before

1. For too long, school cafeterias, in an effort to provide food they thought would be appetizing to young people, mimicked fast-food restaurants, serving items such as burgers and fries, pizza, hot dogs, and fried chicken. School districts nationwide are now addressing this trend by incorporating some simple and inexpensive options that will make cafeteria lunches healthier while still appealing to students. This paragraph best supports the statement that

Options

A : school cafeterias have always emphasized nutritional guidelines over any other considerations.

B : young people would rather eat in a school cafeteria than a local fast-food restaurant.

C : school lunch menus are becoming healthier due to major new initiatives on the part of school districts.

D : it is possible to make school lunches both healthier and appealing without spending a great deal of money and undertaking a radical transformation.

2. Forest fires feed on decades-long accumulations of debris and leap from the tops of young trees into the branches of mature trees. Fires that jump from treetop to treetop can be devastating. In old-growth forests, however, the shade of mature trees keeps thickets of small trees from sprouting, and the lower branches of mature trees are too high to catch the flames. This paragraph best supports the statement that

Options

A : forest fire damage is reduced in old-growth forests.

B : small trees should be cut down to prevent forest fires.

C : mature trees should be thinned out to prevent forest fires

D : forest fires do the most damage in old-growth forests.

3. During the last six years, the number of practicing physicians has increased by about 20%. During the same time period, the number of healthcare managers has increased by more than 600%. These percentages mean that many doctors have lost the authority to make their own schedules, determine the fees that they charge, and decide on prescribed treatments. This paragraph best supports the statement that doctors

Options

A : resent the interference of healthcare managers.

B : no longer have adequate training.

C : care a great deal about their patients.

D : are less independent than they used to be.

4. By the time they reach adulthood, most people can perform many different activities involving motor skills. Motor skills involve such diverse tasks as riding a bicycle, threading a needle, and cooking a dinner. What all these activities have in common is their dependence on precision and timing of muscular movement. This paragraph best supports the statement that

Options

A : most adults have not refined their motor skills.

B : all adults know how to ride a bicycle.

C : refined motor skills are specifically limited to adults.

D : children perform fewer fine motor activities in a day than adults do.

6. The image of a knitter as an older woman sitting in a comfortable, old-fashioned living room with a basket of yarn at her feet and a bun in her hair is one of the past. As knitting continues to become more popular and increasingly trendy, it is much more difficult to describe the average knitter. Knitters today might be 18, 28, 40, or 65. They might live in a big urban center and take classes in a knit- ting shop that doubles as a café or they may gather in suburban coffee shops to support one another in knitting and other aspects of life. They could be college roommates knitting in their dorm room or two senior citizens knitting in a church hall. Even men are getting in the act. It would be incredibly difficult to come up with an accurate profile of a contemporary knitter to replace that image of the old woman with the basket of yarn! This paragraph best supports the statement that

Options

A : people are returning to knitting in an attempt to reconnect with simpler times.

B : knitting is now more of a group activity, as opposed to an individual hobby.

C : creating an accurate profile of a particular type of person depends on the people in this group having traits and characteristics in common.

D : today's knitters are much less accomplished than knitters of the past.

7. Close-up images of Mars by the Mariner 9 probe indicated networks of valleys that looked like the stream beds on Earth. These images also implied that Mars once had an atmosphere that was thick enough to trap the sun's heat. If this were true, something happened to Mars billions of years ago that stripped away the planet's atmosphere. This paragraph best supports the statement that

Options

A : Mars now has little or no atmosphere.

B : Mars once had a thicker atmosphere than Earth does.

C : the Mariner 9 probe took the first pictures of Mars.

D : Mars is closer to the sun than Earth is.

8. Originating in the 1920s, the Pyramid scheme is one of the oldest con games going. Honest people are often pulled in, thinking the scheme is a legitimate investment enterprise. The first customer to "fall for" the Pyramid scheme will actually make big money and will therefore persuade friends and relatives to join also. The chain then continues with the con artist who originated the scheme pocketing, rather than investing, the money. Finally, the pyramid collapses, but by that time, the scam artist will usually have moved out of town, leaving no forwarding address. This paragraph best supports the statement that

Options

A : it is fairly easy to spot a Pyramid scheme in the making.

B : he first customer of a Pyramid scheme is the most gullible.

C : the people who set up Pyramid schemes are able to fool honest people.

D : the Pyramid scheme had its heyday in the 1920s, but it's making a comeback.

1. One New York publisher has estimated that 50,000 to 60,000 people in the United States want an anthology that includes the complete works of William Shakespeare. And what accounts for this renewed interest in Shakespeare? As scholars point out, his psychological insights into both male and female characters are amazing even today. This paragraph best supports the statement that

Options

A : Shakespeare's characters are more interesting than fictional characters today.

B : people even today are interested in Shakespeare's work because of the characters.

C : academic scholars are putting together an anthology of Shakespeare's work.

D : New Yorkers have a renewed interested in the work of Shakespeare.

2. One of the warmest winters on record has put consumers in the mood to spend money. Spending is likely to be the strongest in thirteen years. During the month of February, sales of existing single-family homes hit an annual record rate of 4.75 million. This paragraph best supports the statement that

Options

A : consumer spending will be higher thirteen years from now than it is today.

B : more people buy houses in the month of February than in any other month.

C : during the winter months, the prices of single-family homes are the lowest.

D : there were about 4 million homes for sale during the month of February.

3. Generation Xers are those people born roughly between 1965 and 1981. As employees, Generation Xers tend to be more challenged when they can carry out tasks independently. This makes Generation Xers the most entrepreneurial generation in history. This paragraph best supports the statement that Generation Xers

Options

A : work harder than people from other generations.

B : have a tendency to be self-directed workers

C : have an interest in making history

D : tend to work in jobs that require risk-taking behavior.

4. If you're a fitness walker, there is no need for a commute to a health club. Your neighborhood can be your health club. You don't need a lot of fancy equipment to get a good workout either. All you need is a well-designed pair of athletic shoes. This paragraph best supports the statement that

Options

A : fitness walking is a better form of exercise than weight lifting.

B : a membership in a health club is a poor investment.

C : walking outdoors provides a better workout than walking indoors.

D : fitness walking is a convenient and valuable form of exercise.

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